Single Node

If you would like to quickly get a single node up and running for local testing, this is the quickest way to go!

Pre-requisite Readings

REQUIREMENTS Before starting, make sure you read the Setup Guide to make sure you have installed the binary.

Automated Localnet (script)

You can customize the local testnet script by changing values for convenience for example:

# customize the name of your key, the chain-id, moniker of the node, keyring backend, and log level

# Allocate genesis accounts (cosmos formatted addresses)
realio-networkd add-genesis-account $KEY 100000000000000000000000000ario --keyring-backend $KEYRING

# Sign genesis transaction
realio-networkd gentx $KEY 1000000000000000000000ario --keyring-backend $KEYRING --chain-id $CHAINID

The default configuration will generate a single validator localnet with the chain-id realionetworklocal_7777-1 and one predefined account (dev0) with some allocated funds at the genesis.

You can start the local chain using:


TIP To avoid overwriting any data for a real node used in production, it was decided to store the automatically generated testing configuration at ~/.tmp-realio-network instead of the default ~/.realio-network.

When working with the script, it is necessary to extend all realio-networkd commands, that target the local test node, with the --home ~/.tmp-realio-network flag. This is mandatory, because the home directory cannot be stored in the realio-networkd configuration, which can be seen in the output below. For ease of use, it might be sensible to export this directory path as an environment variable:

 $ export TMP=$HOME/.tmp-realio-network`
 $ realio-networkd config --home $TMP
    "chain-id": "realionetworklocal_7777-1",
    "keyring-backend": "test",
    "output": "text",
    "node": "tcp://localhost:26657",
    "broadcast-mode": "sync"

Manual Localnet

This guide helps you create a single validator node that runs a network locally for testing and other development related uses.

Initialize the chain

Before actually running the node, we need to initialize the chain, and most importantly its genesis file. This is done with the init subcommand:


# The argument $MONIKER is the custom username of your node, it should be human-readable.
realio-networkd init $MONIKER --chain-id=$CHAINID

TIP You can edit this moniker later by updating the config.toml file.

The command above creates all the configuration files needed for your node and validator to run, as well as a default genesis file, which defines the initial state of the network. All these configuration files are in ~/.tmp-realio-network by default, but you can overwrite the location of this folder by passing the --home flag.

Genesis Procedure

Adding Genesis Accounts

Before starting the chain, you need to populate the state with at least one account using the keyring:

realio-networkd keys add my_validator

or use the --recover flag if you already have a secret recovery phrase (mnemonic phase) you'd want to use:

realio-networkd keys add my_validator --recover

Once you have created a local account, go ahead and grant it some ario tokens in your chain's genesis file. Doing so will also make sure your chain is aware of this account's existence:

realio-networkd add-genesis-account my_validator 10000000000000000000000ario

Now that your account has some tokens, you need to add a validator to your chain.

For this guide, you will add your local node (created via the init command above) as a validator of your chain. Validators can be declared before a chain is first started via a special transaction included in the genesis file called a gentx:

# Create a gentx
# NOTE: this command lets you set the number of coins. 
# Make sure this account has some coins with the genesis.app_state.staking.params.bond_denom denom
realio-networkd add-genesis-account my_validator 10000000000000000000000ario

A gentx does three things:

  1. Registers the validator account you created as a validator operator account (i.e. the account that controls the validator).

  2. Self-delegates the provided amount of staking tokens.

  3. Link the operator account with a Tendermint node pubkey that will be used for signing blocks. If no --pubkey flag is provided, it defaults to the local node pubkey created via the realio-networkd init command above.

For more information on gentx, use the following command:

realio-networkd gentx --help

Collecting gentx

By default, the genesis file do not contain any gentxs. A gentx is a transaction that bonds staking token present in the genesis file under accounts to a validator, essentially creating a validator at genesis. The chain will start as soon as more than 2/3rds of the validators (weighted by voting power) that are the recipient of a valid gentx come online after genesis_time.

A gentx can be added manually to the genesis file, or via the following command:

# Add the gentx to the genesis file
realio-networkd collect-gentxs

This command will add all the gentxs stored in ~/.tmp-realio-network/config/gentx to the genesis file.

Run Testnet

Finally, check the correctness of the genesis.json file:

realio-networkd validate-genesis

Now that everything is set up, you can finally start your node:

realio-networkd start

TIP To check all the available customizable options when running the node, use the --help flag.

You should see blocks come in.

The previous command allow you to run a single node. This is enough for the next section on interacting with this node, but you may wish to run multiple nodes at the same time, and see how consensus happens between them.

You can then stop the node using Ctrl+C.

Last updated